African Swine Fever Update: Beginning of Automated Farming Vietnam on Path to Recovery

African Swine Fever Update: Beginning of Automated Farming Vietnam on Path to Recovery




Vietnam’s pork production is on a rapid path to recovery.In 2020, the African swine fever (ASF) epidemic in Vietnam caused a loss of about 86,000 pigs or 1.5% of the culled pigs in 2019. Although ASF outbreaks continue to recur, most of them are sporadic, small-scale and quickly contained.

Official statistics show that the total pig herd in Vietnam was 27.3 million head as of December 2020, equivalent to about 88.7% of the pre-ASF level.

“Although the recovery of Vietnam’s swine industry is underway, it has not reached the pre-ASF level, as ongoing challenges with ASF remain,” the report said. “Vietnam’s pork production is predicted to continue to recover in 2021, leading to lower demand for imports of pork and pork products than in 2020.”

Vietnam’s pig herd is expected to reach about 28.5 million head, with sow numbers at 2.8 to 2.9 million head by 2025. The report indicated Vietnam aims to reduce the proportion of pigs and increase the proportion of poultry and cattle in its livestock herd structure. By 2025, meat and poultry production is forecast to reach 5.0 to 5.5 million metric tons, with pork accounting for 63% to 65%.

According to Rabobank’s March 2021 report, Vietnam’s pork production output will increase by 8% to 12% year-on-year. Given the current ASF developments, some industry analysts predict Vietnam’s swine herd cannot fully recover from ASF until after 2025.

A Wave of New Investments
Still, the report showed that in 2020, Vietnam witnessed an unprecedented wave of investments in the livestock sector in general and in swine production in particular.

Examples include New Hope’s three pork farms in Binh Dinh, Binh Phuoc, and Thanh Hoa provinces with a total capacity of 27,000 sows; the strategic co-operation between De Heus Group (Netherlands) and Hung Nhon Group to develop a network of large-scale breeding projects in the Central Highlands; Japfa Comfeed Vietnam Co., Ltd.’s hi-tech hog farm in Binh Phuoc Province with a capacity of 130,000 finishers a year (equivalent to about 140,000 MT of pork meat), and Masan Meatlife’s slaughtering and processing complex in Long An Province with an annual capacity of 140,000 MT.
“Of note, THADI – a subsidiary of one of Vietnam’s leading automakers Truong Hai Auto Corporation THACO – emerged as a new player in the agriculture sector, investing in hi-tech breeder pig farms in An Giang and Binh Dinh provinces with a capacity of 1.2 million hogs a year,” the report said. “Vietnam’s leading steel maker, Hoa Phat Group, also invested in developing FarmFeed-Food (3F) value chain and in farms nationwide to supply parent breeder pigs, commercial breeder pigs, hi-quality hogs with a goal of supplying 500,000 commercial pigs a year to the market.”

“The transportation and trading of pigs is still not strictly controlled, creating opportunities for ASF outbreaks. Some small-scale pig-raising households in the central part of Vietnam have dumped pig carcasses into unsecure locations, including rivers and canals, which are close to heavily inhabited areas, raising the risk of further spread of the disease,” the report said.

The rate of repopulation is expected to accelerate, mainly in industrial swine operations, where investments in large-scale, high-technology and vertically integrated swine farming operations have driven swine herd recovery and expansion.

Although pork prices are trending down, hog prices are expected to remain higher than pre-ASF levels throughout 2021, given the rising livestock input prices (e.g. feed, breeder pigs) and ongoing ASF outbreaks.

Post time: Sep-26-2021